Tag Archives: Career

Top 5 Cryptocurrencies by Market Cap

The number one, I’m sure you’ve heard of it is Bitcoin. Bitcoin currently has a market cap of approximately $95 Billion as of today. The one that started it all. Created by the psyudenym Satoshi Yakamoto and released in 2009. Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that allows for peer-2-peer payment transactions and built on the Blockchain ledger technology, a digital payment system and was the first currency with the ideal of a decentralized monetary platform. There are nodes around the world, mining these bitcoins by recording these transactions on a distributed public ledger called a blockchain. Miners are incentivized with more Bitcoins. Bitcoins can be exchanged for other currencies and in some places other products and services. Bitcoin has been gaining world popularity since the beginning. The currency has seen positive and negative reviews but as of lately has been gaining popularity and value as more companies and leaders are seeing new uses for this technology.

Ethereum has a market cap of approx. $28 Billion, Ethereum has gained wide popularity especially this year. The currency was developed by Vitalik Buterin. A developer who used to work for bitcoin but left when he realized he wanted to create a more app friendly platform that users would be able to build off. Ethereum is open source, which means that the original source code is made freely available and may be redistributed and modified. The reason that this is important is because vitalik wanted other developers to use the ethereum platform to build other tokens and currencies based in the network. The platform is blockchain-based and features a smart-contract functionality that makes this currency widely popular. “Smart contracts are computer protocols intended to facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract.” These enforces that proper inputs result in proper outputs in an exchange within the network. The ethereum blockchain also has its own token called “Ether” which can be traded on all main crypto exchanges. The Ether is also used to reward Ethereum Miners who complete and verify computations and hashes of other users. Ethereum was proposed in 2013 and the development was funded in late 2014 by a crowd sale.

Ripple has a market cap of approx. $9 Billion, which makes it the third largest in terms of market size. Ripple is the name for both a digital currency (XRP) and an open payment network within which that currency is transferred. The platform and currency is still in beta testing. Ripple was created to allow people to transfer money across the system seamlessly, through people, banks, Credit, etc. Many of the creators of the coin have a Bitcoin background. Ripple was Released in 2012, Ripple reports it enables “secure, instant and nearly free global financial transactions of any size with no chargebacks.” The tokens represent value in fiat currency, crypto, and many other units of measurement, even things such as mobile minutes or frequent flier miles. The Ripple network was built on a decentralized Blockchain ledger without a central hub for seamless transfer of currency along the network. Ripple became popular because it was endorse and used by companies such as UBS, santander. Ripple is advantages among other competitors because of its low currency price and its security

Bitcoin Cash is the fourth largest coin in terms of market size with a market cap of Approx. $5 Billion. Bitcoin Cash was created when On July 20, 2017, Bitcoin Cash (BCC) was created when there was a “Fork” or upgrade in the public ledger of the original cryptocurrency. The issue was the scaling of the original Bitcoin’s block size. Bitcoin Cash is a P2P electronic cash. The currency has different rules that were upgraded from the original bitcoin that allows “the continuation of the Bitcoin project as peer-to-peer digital cash. The currency has upgraded consensus rules that allow it to grow and scale differently from the original Bitcoin product.

Litecoin Is coming in at #5 in size with a market cap of $2 Billion. Lite coin is one of the three currencies that is trading on the widely popular exchange, Coinbase. The cryptocurrency is also a P2P  and an open source decentralized platform that was basically inspired by and very similar to that of bitcoin. In terms of differences Litecoin has also adopted SegWit technology and the lightning network. SegWit is the process by which the block size limit on a blockchain is increased by removing signature data from Bitcoin transactions. When certain parts of a transaction are removed, this frees up space or capacity to add more transactions to the chain.These both basically call for a larger number of transactions to happen with much greater speed. One major advantage that LTC has over bitcoin is its fees are close to zero and payment processing is much much faster. LTC was introduced in October 2011 by a man named Charlie Lee, who used to work for Google. As we mentioned earlier LTC became the first of the top 5 largest currencies (in terms of market cap) to adopt the SegWit technology. A few months later, The first lightning network transaction was completed sending 0.00000001 LTC from Zurich to San Francisco in under one second.

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litecoin

https://litecoin.org/

https://www.bitcoincash.org/

https://coinmarketcap.com/coins/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethereum

https://ripple.com/

https://www.coindesk.com/10-things-you-need-to-know-about-ripple/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin

. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ripple_(payment_protocol)

 

Stop Making Plans and Start Establishing your Priorities.

When I started my job last summer, I became increasingly focused on planning out my future. When you are investing upwards of 10-12 hours a day at the office, you want to know that your time and energy are taking you where you want to go. Not only is “planner” built into my position title, but I have always been a planner in general. I like to know where I’m going, what I’m doing and who will be there.

Making plans has proved beneficial for me in the past, especially while at college, when classes ran on the same schedule every week and I was regularly in touch with the same groups of people. I knew what to expect from my days, so having a plan helped me fill my extra time in the best way possible. However, as I settle into my life outside of academia, I have started to see that the same rules don’t apply. Having plans has become more of a hinderance to my productivity than a help.

When plans are too detailed and timely, it can be very stressful trying to keep up with them. Your mood changes, people change their minds and the weather is never as nice as we expect it will be. If you have a set plan for your day, last minute changes to your agenda can leave you feeling very down, stressed and under-accomplished. Which in turn can reduce your productivity, and lead to increased planning in the future. I know first hand, it’s a bad cycle.

What I have started to do instead, is become increasingly grounded in my priorities. As someone who hadn’t put serious thought into my priorities before, it was difficult to determine what they actually were. I asked myself these four questions to get started.

  • What do you spend the most time doing already and why?
  • What do you do the most in your off time and why?
  • What is the majority of your Instagram/Facebook/Youtube feed filled with and why?
  • If you were on your deathbed, what would you want the most and why?

While my mind was all over the place at first, after a few weeks of journaling and observing my behaviors and thoughts, I came up with my answers. These were undoubtedly my priorities, whether I had realized it before or not. The most important part of my answers was the ‘why?’ Becoming very clear about your priorities and having concrete reasons as to why they are what they are, is crucial for living an honest and productive life. Yes, it may be scary to admit that you truly can’t plan out your day, year or life, but if you commit to operating based on your priorities, you can never really lose.

As you learn to say no to opportunities that don’t align with your priorities, you will naturally gravitate towards those that do. You will be able to make decisions more confidently and will be less thrown off when things come up unexpectedly. We can’t predict what will happen in life, but we can decide how to react when things do happen. If we are always mindful of our priorities, then we can best decide how to react to situations in order to live out our goals.

Mind Over Money

When I graduated in the spring of 2015, I thought I had it all figured out. I had some money saved, a job lined up and an apartment to move in to. College had been a blast, but I felt mature and ready begin my life as a real adult. I was going to succeed and it was going to be a breeze.  

Now, a year and a half later, I sit here writing my first post for my brother’s finance blog. See, I used to think this blog was dumb. I didn’t understand what BeatingBreakEven really meant and always thought my brother was wasting his time talking about money so much. But after switching jobs in June for a salary raise and signing a new lease, for rent that was $200 dollars less a month, I realize I am exactly where he was. I am broke, have no concrete plans for my future and am extremely unsure of myself.

In the past few months I have been thinking a lot about my life and who I want to be. I’ve thought about what to do next in my career, thought about what city I want to move to and thought about how to save more money. I’ve also spent a lot of time contemplating my inner motives, my deepest fears and my varying levels of self esteem. In this process of psychological discovery, I have begun to understand just how powerful our minds really are. They can be our biggest tool for success and the biggest obstacle.

I have started to experience first hand how becoming more aware of my thoughts and psychology can really help me achieve my goals. I mean don’t they say that you can achieve anything you put your mind to? Mastering your mind will not only make you a happier person, but will keep you on track to reaching your long term goals. Since many of my goals are financially based at the moment, I went through last month’s credit card statement to recount my recent purchases. Besides food, almost everything I bought was unnecessary. Nails, makeup, new shoes, drinks at the bar, etc. Practically everything on there were things I bought to feel better about myself. For many of us millennials, our credit card statements are a long list of our deepest insecurities resurfacing as impulsive spending habits. It’s actually pretty scary. Working through my insecurities and understanding the motives behind my purchases has started to help me say no to a lot of things I normally would have swiped for without thinking twice.

If we want to change our spending habits, we first have to change our thoughts. Seems simple and intuitive on the surface, but our minds are really unexplored territory for many young adults. We millennials do not spend enough time understanding our needs, wants and desires and instead, act on impulse as a way to band aid our immediate emotional challenges. We are impulsive because we do not take enough time to think and we spend because we don’t want to feel. We really need to learn how to understand our thoughts and be okay with our emotions, so we can make healthy, logical financial decisions.

FOUR Financial Lessons from the Homeless

New York is one of the biggest financial capitals of the world. Finance is everywhere in this city, whether in the billion dollar hedge funds that are making million dollar deals or the restaurant owners calculating bar tabs, brunch receipts or tenants saving for the unruly rent they owe their landlords at the start of each month. 

One lesson I have learned from observing the homeless on my street, is that being a pure minimalist has its benefits. These people carry with them only what they need and nothing more. It would be inefficient to carry around dead, excess weight. We as millennials need to understand why excess is bad and recognize how our spending habits are based on desire instead of necessity. If we all became more aware of the things that we buy and their ability to clutter our lives, we might start to realize that material goods do not help us meet our goals or delay the process.

The second lesson we can learn from the homeless is how we can market ourselves well to attract the attention of others. I regularly encounter homeless individuals on the subways and in the streets. They are holding signs that tell their story or are yelling at passengers about their specific misfortunes. Many of them have had a lot of practice doing this, so they know what works and what doesn’t. They are forced to put their best foot forward and try and try again to sell the bystanders on a few dollars of investment into them. They are essentially pitching themselves to an audience of investors, like you see startups do on Shark Tank. When you want money for an investment or business, or are trying to land the perfect job, you need to market yourself to your best ability. This means looking the part and connecting with the given audience on a personal and real level. The homeless live it everyday. Their survival depends on it.  Since yours doesn’t, if you were to apply the same sincerity and passion into improving your current state, you would likely get very far.

The third lesson is utilizing the resources around you to the best of your best ability. I was in the train station one time and a homeless man was cleaning all of his clothes in the bathroom sink. Since the station is a public facility, this was free to him. He was being resourceful. I also see many homeless people using public places for shelter or the public library for entertainment to pass the time and read or subway seats as beds. We as millennials also have boundless resources around us that will cost us little to no money to utilize things such as books, mentors, the internet, newspapers, other people in our field willing to help us if only we just ask. Many of us do not use these resources to our advantage as we should.

The fourth lesson is that homeless people ask for what they want. If asking doesn’t work with one person, they try and try again. They are relentless because they need to survive. They will badger so many people and most of the time it works. I know because I see so many people fall prey to their tactics and reach into their pockets to grab money. Its human nature to feel empathetic towards other people and want to help them out. Ask for what you want and if you get denied ask someone else.

The final lesson to consider is that homeless people use a cash based accounting model. These days everyone is in debt. Debt is a tool, but most of the time people, especially people our age, abuse this tool. Homeless people collect cash, use that cash and simply go and try to get more when they run out. They don’t just put their purchases on a credit card. People need to realize that we should only spend what we have available. Try carrying around a specific amount of cash each day, spending only what you need and nothing more. Don’t always be putting the little things in life on a credit card because it creates bad habits that are hard to stop.

 

Take Control of Your Financial Future By Paying Yourself First

One of my most memorable lessons from my childhood was when I learned the importance of “paying yourself first.” Many of my peers and friends have complained about their money problems; bills weigh on their mind and they become stressed living paycheck to paycheck. While it is important to stay cognizant of costs and expenditures, too many people make paying their bills their number one priority.This leaves them treading water just to keep their nose out of the water. This is definitely not detrimental, but it will not leave you on top or help you reach your more long term financial goals. I’m here to tell you why it is more important to pay yourself first before paying any bills.

The common routine for many millennials is to set aside money every month for costs, such as rent, transportation, etc. and then treat the leftover money as free spending to blow. Instead, I am suggesting that you first set aside an amount, “personal bill” and then using the rest to supplement bills and other costs. Creating this kind of system will change your mindset about your money. First and foremost you will be saving and secondly, you will be more calculated and thoughtful about how you spend your earrnings. Putting your money in a personal account will prevent you from spending carelessy.

An easy way to start this spending transformation is to go to the bank and open up an account specifically for your savings goal, whether it be a car a house, business or your future. These accounts can be set up so a percentage of your weekly paycheck is directly deposited. This can also be accomplished by setting up a a pre-tax or Roth 401K account. With these types of programs, some of your “extra” money will go directly towards yoru retirement fund that you will be able to acess around the age of 65. As I’ve written about in previous blog posts, a 401k adds a percentage of your paycheck and in many situations your employer will also match your contribution up to as high as 5%.

By focusing on long term financial goals and redesigning your spending/ saving schedule, you can really improve your financial standing. Having a personal account can also bring more security and allow you agency to act on larger investment opportunities that could present themselves in the future. With this mindset, budgeting becomes a crucial component to your life. You should always be adding your savings or “profit” into your weekly and monthly budgets. You want your personal account to be a guaranteed resource you can draw on, so maintenance and continual deposits are crucial. Your other finances will naturally accommodate and adjust for this extra profit and you will in-turn become more intune and financially savvy.

A further benefit to “paying yourself first” is the secondary psychological effects from having saved money. It can be a great feeling to know that you are now controlling your own financial security and this can in-turn guide even more smart choices for how to save and invest money that comes your way in the future.

Why You Need To Look Into Tax-Free Spending Accounts Now

 If you are currently employed, you should at least take a look and see if your employer can offer you  these spending accounts and you could save more money for yourself and give less to Sam.

Flexible Spending Accounts

“Approximately thirty-five million Americans are covered by a flexible spending account (FSA).* FSAs are employer-based programs that allow consumers to set aside tax-free dollars to purchase medical products and services – from bandaids to smoking cessation programs and tens of thousands of products and services in between (FSAStore.com)”.

This is yet another program offered by your employer so you can make them work for you. Sites like FSAstore.com let users purchase everyday items such as glasses, contacts, thermometers, bandaids, sunscreen etc. basically all out-of pocket health care costs with tax-free money.

Your employer will front you up to $2,550 from your annual salary in the beginning of your plan year. The amount can be up to $2,550, but the one trick here is that you have to use all that money you set aside by the end of the year or else it will be returned to the employer. So, you have to hedge your bet that you will use the allotted money within the year time period. (FSA Calculator)

If you normally buy the many products approved for flexible spending accounts, then this is a great program and can save you lots of money (up to $1009.80). Depending on your employer, they may offer you one of two options:

  1. You may receive a “grace period” where you can get up to 2.5 extra months to use the money in your flexible spending account, or
  2. You may be allowed to carry over up to $500 per year to use in the following year (healthcare.gov).

Commuter Benefits Accounts

If you are a millennial living in the city, flexible spending accounts also have good commuter benefits. I know that many New York companies have transportation reimbursement program where they will reimburse you for public transportation (this also applies to all major cities). This can be a great way to use tax-free money for your daily commute. This year, New York City increased subway fare. Even more reason to save as much as $550 (39.6% tax bracket and 116.5/month for MTA subway pass) using your commuter benefit options with your employer. Look into Wageworks.com for more information.

If you haven’t heard of a these spending accounts and are interested in saving money on things you would end up purchasing anyways I strongly recommend you look into a tax-free.

Sources:

https://www.healthcare.gov/flexible-spending-accounts/

https://www.fsastore.com

Why Jake Gyllenhaal In Nightcrawler Is The Perfect Entrepreneur

Last night I decided to watch the movie Nightcrawler upon the suggestion of my friends. They were bragging that it was “a must see movie,” so I wanted to see what all the buzz was about. Overall the film was very dark and ominous. The movie revolves around a man named Lou Bloom (Jake Gyllenhaal) who is a creepy, obsessive person attempting to solidify a career as a ‘Nightcrawler’. A ‘Nightcrawler’ is someone who races to crime scenes throughout a city in order to capture first response footage of different accidents, murders, breaking news, etc. They then sell their footage to news stations and other media hubs. I don’t want to reveal  too many spoilers, but if you haven’t seen it yet, I highly recommend doing so.

Why Lou Bloom is the Perfect Entrepreneur.

Lou is curious. In the early stages of the film, Lou pulls his car over after spotting two camera men trying to capture footage of victims at the scene of a car accident. He saw this as an opportunity to explore a new career. Curiosity is an extremely valuable trait for any successful entrepreneur because it is the seeking of unanswered questions that leads to the expansion of any business idea. In this instance, Lou wanted to learn everything about what they were doing…from the equipment they were carrying to the strategy they were employing. He is eager to learn, takes action and ultimately gains useful knowledge by doing so. When you are constantly seeking out new environments and new information, you are essentially opening the doors for positive change and modifications to your business plan.

Lou is persistent. He closely approaches crime scenes with confidence and assertiveness, even though his presence tends to be unwelcomed. He also demonstrates persistence when he continually asks news correspondents about increased compensation for the novel footage he captures, even though they don’t comply. Being turned down does not stop Lou from carrying on with his business endeavors. He is persistent while remaining passionate about the success of his business, and will do whatever is necessary to assuage those around him. Passivity doesn’t fly in this fast paced world. If you want to succeed, you must show unwavering intention.

Lou is constantly learning. During one scene Lou is talking to Nina, the news executive, about a business course he took. He said the most important lesson he gained was that there is so much to learn in this world, but those that learn are the ones that look hard enough to find it. This hit me. In this day and age we have an unlimited source of information at our fingertips, but the search for the knowledge we need requires stamina and persistence. A large part of being successful is having access to the information necessary to be prepared in any situation. Whether it is the information you need for an interview, a meeting or pitching new ideas to clients. What you need is all around you, you just have to want to find it.

Lou is a negotiator. Throughout the film, Lou has to negotiate many situations. Whether it be deciding on the cost of his footage or figuring out the salary for his first employee. Althogh negotiation is a two way street, Lou never begins the process before solidifying a number in mind. He will either stick with that number or settle on a better price. His most powerful technique is the will to walk away. He was fully willing to deny his partner a spot in his company or ready to bring his footage straight to another company. He always remained confident in the worth of his company and his work. He won’t settle for less without being unrealistic. Deep down, all of us has an assessment of our capabilities. Settling for someone else’s assessment of your worth will only make you unsatisfied and unhappy. A good entrepreneur is constantly evaluating their worth and sticking to this method in everything they do.

Lou is detail oriented. He thinks and plans out everything about his company and its future, down to how he wants to be addressed to the language his employees will use when they communicate within business contexts. When Lou is negotiating with Nina, he tells her exactly how he wants to be presented with other executives of her company, and exactly how he wants to appear on Live TV. This is a tedious, but valuable characteristic of any successful entrepreneur because the little things really do matter. Details are key because even the smallest overlooked details could compromise a business’ reputation.

Lou finds his passion. Lou emphasizes the importance of finding work that adheres to his personal strengths and interests. However, he is also not quick to judge new opportunities that cross his path. Sometimes it is the random opportunities in life that can become the work that makes you the happiest. As Lou becomes a Nightcrawler, he realizes it is an occupation that he has not only become very good at, but very passionate about as well. So I want to conclude with this; it is easy to write off new opportunities for fear of the unknown, failure, etc. But you must remember to alway keep your mind open for exploration because it is those  new things that you are unsure of that might just become your next passion!

Alright, enough from me. Now go watch ‘NightCrawler.’