Category Archives: Career

How to Build Real and Sustainable Habits For Health, Wellness and Finance in 2019

When people tell me that 2019 is going to be their year, I have to laugh and roll my eyes. Isn’t that what everyone says? When I think seriously about how 2019 will be different, I ask myself these questions, “what did you do last year and why was it not a good year for you? What will actually be different about this year? Are you not happy with yourself? Could you be better? Are you actually going to change?”

Personally, I try to maintain a level of discipline in certain areas of my life. Over the past couple of years, I have remained focused on my goals despite circumstances changing and other challenges I face daily. Yes, each year is different, each year has a different mix of people surrounding you or different locations, but the common denominator is always the same. You. Knowing I only have control of myself in life and the choices I make, I approach resolutions in a slightly more strategic way. Before the year begins, I will set an expectation of exactly how I want to finish the year; a vision that I can revisit whenever I want to. This vision will be within the realm of possibility, but will require specific behaviors and routine changes to achieve. These routines become the foundation for the resolutions I set. They will be purposeful, actionable and measurable. I like to, as they say, “beat the market” year after year. The market being a normal progressive way of life. Whether my goal is to make more money, travel to new places, meet new people or upgrade my quality of life, I am always striving to improve.

The main way I work to ‘beat the market’ and improve my life is through altering my habits each month. Building positive habits throughout the year is a great way to make sure you ultimately achieve personal growth and embody the vision you had for yourself at the start of the year. Even small changes to your daily routine can have tremendous effects and snowball to improve other areas of your life.

Every year we all make resolutions and try to “stick to them.” But the reality of the matter is carrying out these resolutions can be daunting and feel impractical. but my method is much more sustainable for me. I try and make it into a game. So instead of making 1-2 resolutions at the start of the year, I will make 3-4 mini goals/resolutions at the start of each month and focus only on those habits/goals for the 30 days. This is a way of tricking my brain to build a strong new habit and become a better person. Grooming myself to be better and hold myself to a higher standard. I read the book the “Power of Habit” by Charles Duhigg and it takes 21 days to build a habit so 30 seemed right on par.

Instead of setting a vague resolution, for example, “get fit in 2019,” a better goal would be to specify and implement three new habits that would help to make you more fit. For example, set your alarm a half hour earlier in the mornings, drink 8 glasses of water every single day, and do (3) 1-minute planks every night. Some of the goals can be more focused toward self improvement as well. Its a collection of little things that make big changes in your life. If you can make them attainable and more specific the better. Here are some examples from my first three months.

January:

  • Only 1-cup of coffee per work day (black, no sugar, or milk)
  • Finish every shower by turning the nozzle to pool temp (supposedly much better for your body, it gets easier every day I promise)
  • Read 10 pages every day.

*It’s march and I already drink much less coffee and don’t even mind that it’s black with nothing added, I feel much healthier. Showers are cold in the winter but I barely mind it now. I read every single day much more than 10 pages a day, it’s an ingrained habit now.

February:

  • Make my bed every single day
  • Drink a glass of water first thing in the morning
  • Complete 100 calf-raises every night while I brush my teeth
  • Eat a vegetable every single day

Some month-long habits I plan to implement this year:

  • Give up “candy” for 30 days
  • “Pool temp” showers every day for a month
  • 8 glasses of water every day for 30 days
  • Pack lunch for 30 days instead of buying lunch
  • Make bed every day (psychologically, a groundbreaking feat for your day)
  • Lay your clothes out every night for the next day
  • Give away thirty pieces of clothing, one article for every day of the month
  • “No spend days.” These are days where you spend “zero” money during the day, no cash purchases and no charges to the credit card. See how many you can get a month.
  • Meal prep for 30 days
  • Take a vitamin every day, especially those that you are lacking in. I take Vitamin D every single day.
  • Get in bed by 10:30p on weekdays, 1-2a on weekends.
  • No alcohol for 30 days, or you can do “no beer”
  • Be active every day for 30 days jog/bike/gym
  • Communicate with someone from your past, 30 different people in 30 days
  • Track your finances for 30 days, income and expenses every single day. (I’ve been doing this for almost three years)
  • Not going shopping for 30 days
  • Stay below or above a certain weight for 30 days
  • Keep your room/house at an acceptable standard of clean for 30 days.
  • No TV for 30 days
  • Follow the stock/real estate market for 30 days

Many of these small habits, can develop into lasting, Keystone habits. Keystone habits provde the foundation for how you live your life and provide a stable foundation for building and adding new habits. The best way to make big changes your life is to make small changes. It’s been about three months since I’ve started doing these new, mini habits and I have already started to notice my life changing a positive changes. I hope this post will inspire you to take action with your own life and get the results you really want. Best of luck!

7 Financial Lessons from Ancient Babylon

I just finished reading the book, the Richest Man in Babylon. This is a short book of probably 150 pages in a decent sized font. The book was written by a college professor in the 1800’s, it was all about stories translated from texts of the ancient city of Babylon. The most interesting take away from the book is that the stories, even though they were written 100s of years ago, are still relevant to many of the financial issues that we as people, millennials especially, continue to face today. The book is about a man named Arkad, who was the richest man in Babylon, even richer than the King. The King sought to find the reasons as to why he was so independently wealthy, so he invited him in for an interview to understand what he learned. In this passage, I will cover some of the lessons and issues they brought up, and show you how they are still relevant today.

Lesson One: ‘Fatten Thy Purse’

One of the first lessons of the book and I believe is the most important is to pay yourself first. How can you expect to be a wealthy man if you do not have any priority of savings in your life? If a man receives 10 pieces of gold a year he is to keep at least 1 of them for himself and adjust his expenses accordingly. We can utilize this same method today by using an extremely powerful financial tool called the 401k or 403B. You can adjust this amount to come right out of your paycheck, Pre-tax or Roth, so the savings are out of sight and out of mind. Trust me, after a while you won’t even realize this money is affecting you because you will naturally adjust your expenses to what you can afford based on the lesser amount. Now what you have to be careful of is the credit card trap. With lines of credit, you still need to save 10% of your wealth but you cannot overspend on credit so that your net worth becomes meaningless.

Lesson Two: ‘Control Thy Expenditures’

This means if you are always buying the best most delicious food, the nicest robes and the finest horses you will have no money left over for creating wealth. What this translates into is if you are buying the latest Apple products, the newest Gucci loafers, always going on vacations or living above your means in a luxury apartment you are not saving because you are spending. The money is going into your pockets then leaving immediately. One of the biggest lessons of the rich is the concept of ‘frugality’. This goes along with another lesson that being wealthy is as simple as spending less than you make. A very simple concept but hard to put into action with the distractions that life throws at us these days. Advertising and credit cards make spending the easiest thing in the world.

Lesson Three: ‘Make Thy Gold Multiply’

The story goes on to give the laws of gold. This would be to put the savings you have(the 10%) into action by investing in smart investments to earn more money. He talks about them as your children and they will have children and multiply. This will make you a very rich man. These investments could be investing in a jeweler, traveler, salesmen, sword makers and in return set up a profit structure to get paid a return plus a rental of money fee also known as interest in this day and age. Today we can invest in things such as real estate, bonds, stocks, funds, gold, commodities etc.

Lesson Four: ‘Guard Thy Treasure from Loss’

Just as Warren Buffet put it, the name of the game is, “never lose money.” Whether that is safeguarding your smart investments, minimizing risk, adding “stop losses” to your trading account, or “protecting your pouch of silver from thieves and foreign armies.”

Lesson Five: ‘Invest in Your Dwelling’

Owning real estate is a great way to build equity and wealth where you live. Every mortgage payment is a way of paying yourself first so that one day you can refinance or sell the property for its future value. This also works well if you live in the property. The value will increase as well as paying down the debt.

Lesson Six: ‘Insure a Future Income’

One of the worries the ancients of Babylon had was that when they get old and tired they will not be able to work as hard and provide for their family. They can mitigate this by ensuring future income when they are older. Making part of your investments long term will help with this. Something we can do in this day in age I invest in long term funds or bonds that we will be able to sell when we retire and live off of the sale of the assets. Or a long term real estate holdings as an investment property. Either way, you want to be prepared for when you are no longer able to work effectively and provide for either yourself or loved ones.

Lesson Seven:  ‘Increase Thy Ability to Earn’

Once you have mastered the other lessons it is essential that you increase your wage as to multiply the lessons and become richer. Everyone has something that they are good at and the point is to find that skills and act on it to increase wealth for something that pays the most. If you have a job you need to figure out how to outperform as to get promoted or if you are a business owner how can you increase sales or product lines to bump up your income.

It is crazy to think that these lessons are still relevant in this day and age. When Babylon was uncovered from the sand, archeologists found ancient rock texts with these parables. You see them today to build your wealth as the ancients did in civilizations a long long time ago.

Reference:

https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/249179


Everything You Need to Know About Cryptocurrency Regulation

Originally posted on UpCounsel by Gary Ross.

The meteoric rise of cryptocurrencies has taken the world by storm. Innovators, investors, users, and governments are scrambling to wrap their heads around cryptocurrencies and the blockchain technology that they rely upon. The emergence of a new market and business model has created great opportunities for participants, but it also carries significant risk.

Cryptocurrencies present an inherently unique challenge to governments because of their new technology, cross-jurisdictional nature, and frequent lack of transparency. Governments are struggling to develop new ways to regulate cryptocurrencies, adapt existing regulations, and identify fraudulent schemes. Cryptocurrencies and their regulations are evolving before our eyes, and this article will provide a brief background on cryptocurrencies and an overview of where cryptocurrency regulations currently.

What are cryptocurrencies?

Cryptocurrency is, by any other name, a currency—a medium of exchange used to purchase goods and services. Or, as some have suggested, cryptocurrency is a “peer-to-peer version of electronic cash.” However, this currency has two qualities that distinguish it from traditional bills and coins.

First, cryptocurrency is a virtual currency that is created through cryptography (i.e. coding) and developed by mathematical formulas through a process called hashing. Second, unlike traditional bills and coins that are printed and minted by governments around the world, cryptocurrency is not tied to any one government, and thus is not secured by any government entity. The fact that cryptocurrencies are not secured by a government authority has led to concerns from critics that this is the second coming of Tulipmania, because we are ascribing value to an otherwise valueless item. However, the potential for cryptocurrencies as a medium of exchange remains enormous.

What is blockchain?

Blockchain is the technology at the heart of most cryptocurrencies, and explaining the technology in detail would require a blog post of its own. What is important to know is that blockchain is a record of peer-to-peer transactions categorized into blocks on a distributed ledger. Despite the obtuse terminology, blockchain functions similarly to a local bank authorizing and recording a transaction, but instead of only one party holding the entire ledger book, the transactions are recorded communally by member nodes, with each node being a computer in a peer-to-peer distributed network.

The blockchain can confirm a transaction within minutes, removing errors that exist when trying to reconcile and audit separate ledgers and transactions. Whenever a transaction takes place, the miners on the blockchain develop a new hash and digital signature to update the ledger and create a new “block.” This block, or recorded transaction, is time-stamped and encrypted and will remain on the blockchain for life.

Regulation in the US – Utility Tokens v. Investment Tokens

In the United States, there has been no federal regulation of cryptocurrencies. Instead, cryptocurrencies are often grouped into two non-binding categories: (1) investment tokens that fall under the purview of already existing U.S. securities laws like the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and (2) utility tokens, which remain largely unregulated (for now).

Security Tokens

Whether the tokens being offered in connection with a particular cryptocurrency are security tokens is decided on a case-by-case basis that even experienced securities lawyers can disagree upon. Tokens are usually analyzed under the four-part Howey Test below to see if the token is in fact a security. Securities must meet the following criteria:

  1. An ​investment of money
  2. in a ​common enterprise
  3. with an ​expectation of profits
  4. predominantly from the efforts of others

Each characteristic of the token is analyzed against this framework to see if the cryptocurrency is in reality functioning as a new-age security. If it is, then regulators treat it as such, and cryptocurrencies must then be registered and handled with all of the same disclosures and precautions as any other security sold in the United States or to U.S. investors.

 

Utility Tokens

Cryptocurrencies can also be categorized as non-security utility tokens. These tokens purport to offer intrinsic utility and value, and are typically instrumental in powering the blockchain technology. These tokens function more like commodities than securities, and while they may act like currency in a fully functional network, they also have other values.

However, having a utility token with a properly formed and functioning network does not preclude said token from being labeled a security by the SEC. In In the Matter of Munchee, Inc., a purported utility token with a non-functioning network was labeled a security by the SEC. While labeling a token without a functioning network as a security – as it has no present utility – is not unexpected, the SEC also concluded that: “even if [Munchee] tokens had a practical use at the time of the offering, it would not preclude the token from being a security.”

After analyzing the Munchee Tokens under the Howey test, the SEC concluded that they were investment contracts because purchasers of the tokens had an expectation of profits predominantly from the efforts of Munchee and its staff. The SEC further concluded that Munchee had primed such expectations through its marketing efforts.

While this new case does not eliminate the distinction between utility and security tokens, it does caution that, when deciding whether a given token is a security, the SEC will look beyond utility at the character of the instrument, and base their conclusion based on the terms of the offer, the plan of distribution, and the economic inducements held out by the token issuer.

State Regulation

So far only the state of New York has issued any kind of regulation specifically regarding cryptocurrencies: the BitLicense. The BitLicense is New York’s attempt to control cryptocurrencies within its borders by requiring cryptocurrency businesses to register and comply with several different disclosure and financial obligations. The regulation has been divisive, and many businesses have rallied against its high costs. While a few companies have applied for and received the license, most other companies have simply left the state or stopped offering services to its residents.

Regulation Abroad – The Ever-Shifting Jurisdictional Question

The United States is not the only country grappling with how best to regulate cryptocurrencies. Many cryptocurrency businesses face daunting questions regarding in which jurisdictions to form and to do business in. In the end, the question is quite difficult and fact-specific, requiring communication between legal counsel in different jurisdictions and taking into account nebulous and piecemeal country-by-country regulations. It is impossible to do a detailed analysis without knowing how a country’s existing securities laws, financial regulations, and banking regulations will operate (or will be adapted to operate) with cryptocurrencies. The fact that cryptocurrency-specific regulations are still developing does little to add clarity, and makes the analysis even more challenging. Yet a few global trends are noticeable:

Suspending Cryptocurrencies

Some notable countries, like China, and South Korea, have suspended cryptocurrencies. These countries have cited the risk of fraud and the lack of adequate oversight in suspending cryptocurrencies and their exchanges, forcing cryptocurrency companies and exchanges to relocate.

 

Regulating Cryptocurrencies

Other countries, like Japan and Australia, have adopted disclosure and regulatory measures, or have companies register with the applicable government authority. Several countries have also tried to implement disclosure or registration regulatory regimes when it comes to cryptocurrencies, but such regimes are cumbersome and expensive to fledging companies.

Cryptocurrencies as Commodities

On the other hand, Switzerland and Singapore, two of the countries at the forefront of the cryptocurrency market, have simply stated that cryptocurrencies are assets not currency, and that they will treat them as such under existing regulations.

Conclusion

Ultimately, cryptocurrency regulation remains in its infancy. Piecemeal regulation has already begun around the world as governments enact new regulations to control and legitimize cryptocurrencies, fold cryptocurrencies into existing regulations, or ban them outright. These splintered attempts at controlling a global phenomenon will keep the cryptocurrency market volatile, and pose a challenge to innovators, investors, and users. They will continue to work in the cryptocurrency space while pushing for legislation and regulation that will remove ambiguity and legitimize cryptocurrencies. At the same time, they must grapple with the possibility that new regulations may be confusing, detrimental, or have negative inadvertent effects.

IOTA Moves to the Top 5 in Market Cap Thanks to Microsoft.

I have been fooling around with cryptocurrencies for a while now and a few days ago one really just caught my attention. IOTA. The coin a which is a play off the phase “IoT or Internet of Things” is a coin/cryptocurrencies created to be traded between different machines on the “Internet of Things”. This coin caught my attention because it does not use classic Blockchain technology that we have seen on other very popular cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum or LiteCoin, instead it uses Directed Acyclic Graph technology, which is a blockless ledger. IOTA refers to its DAG technologie as “tangle”.  Confirmation times are fast and transactions are basically free. As of Dec. 2017. The market cap made it the 4th largest cryptocurrency by market cap, which is around $12 billion. IOTA was created in 2015. These coins are not able to be mined so there was a set amount that was created 2,779,530,283,277,761. In May 2017 IOTA was listed on its first exchange: Bitfinex and is now also listed on Binance as well.

I follow a lot of tech/coin personalities on Instagram and this was getting a lot of attention. At the time the coin was selling for approx. $3 dollars and in a day or two went to $5.5 and has since retracted to mid $3’s. Since I first started trading crypto I had only used the widely popular american exchange “coinbase”. Because this currency doesn’t sell as a fiat currency pair such as IOTA/USD I had to first convert my USD to ETH or BTC and then trade indirectly on a separate exchange “Binance” which is a UK based platform. Binance is one of the top 5 crypto trading platforms in the world according to Coinmarketcap.com.

Another big reason this coin has become popular is because in the past week Microsoft made a big announcement that they were going to collaborate and partner with IOTA coin. This made the currency grow in value with a 90% increase in market cap basically launching it into the 4th position. IOTA has previously partnered with large companies such as Samsung, Cisco, and Volkswagen. Tangle will help with the large process of trading information Business-to-Business between these large corporations using the technology. The tangle system is designed to allow users to create transactions by validation (making sure all transactions are secure, immutable and without fees). The no-fee part of the technology model is huge for information sharing between businesses because tiny micropayments for information between businesses cannot be handled well and complicates the transactions on a large scale. IOTA hopes their technology and the tangle structure will allow a widespread of micropayments for data between companies. This will allow for the transfer of data and information from all kinds of IoT devices with little to no fees to give a greater feeling of interconnectedness between smart technology machines.

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IOTA_(technology)

https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/iota/

https://iota.org/

https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/iota-price-explodes-after-microsoft-partnership-announcement/

https://cointelegraph.com/news/iota-partners-with-microsoft-fujitsu-others-for-iot-data-monetization

Top 5 Cryptocurrencies by Market Cap

The number one, I’m sure you’ve heard of it is Bitcoin. Bitcoin currently has a market cap of approximately $95 Billion as of today. The one that started it all. Created by the psyudenym Satoshi Yakamoto and released in 2009. Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that allows for peer-2-peer payment transactions and built on the Blockchain ledger technology, a digital payment system and was the first currency with the ideal of a decentralized monetary platform. There are nodes around the world, mining these bitcoins by recording these transactions on a distributed public ledger called a blockchain. Miners are incentivized with more Bitcoins. Bitcoins can be exchanged for other currencies and in some places other products and services. Bitcoin has been gaining world popularity since the beginning. The currency has seen positive and negative reviews but as of lately has been gaining popularity and value as more companies and leaders are seeing new uses for this technology.

Ethereum has a market cap of approx. $28 Billion, Ethereum has gained wide popularity especially this year. The currency was developed by Vitalik Buterin. A developer who used to work for bitcoin but left when he realized he wanted to create a more app friendly platform that users would be able to build off. Ethereum is open source, which means that the original source code is made freely available and may be redistributed and modified. The reason that this is important is because vitalik wanted other developers to use the ethereum platform to build other tokens and currencies based in the network. The platform is blockchain-based and features a smart-contract functionality that makes this currency widely popular. “Smart contracts are computer protocols intended to facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract.” These enforces that proper inputs result in proper outputs in an exchange within the network. The ethereum blockchain also has its own token called “Ether” which can be traded on all main crypto exchanges. The Ether is also used to reward Ethereum Miners who complete and verify computations and hashes of other users. Ethereum was proposed in 2013 and the development was funded in late 2014 by a crowd sale.

Ripple has a market cap of approx. $9 Billion, which makes it the third largest in terms of market size. Ripple is the name for both a digital currency (XRP) and an open payment network within which that currency is transferred. The platform and currency is still in beta testing. Ripple was created to allow people to transfer money across the system seamlessly, through people, banks, Credit, etc. Many of the creators of the coin have a Bitcoin background. Ripple was Released in 2012, Ripple reports it enables “secure, instant and nearly free global financial transactions of any size with no chargebacks.” The tokens represent value in fiat currency, crypto, and many other units of measurement, even things such as mobile minutes or frequent flier miles. The Ripple network was built on a decentralized Blockchain ledger without a central hub for seamless transfer of currency along the network. Ripple became popular because it was endorse and used by companies such as UBS, santander. Ripple is advantages among other competitors because of its low currency price and its security

Bitcoin Cash is the fourth largest coin in terms of market size with a market cap of Approx. $5 Billion. Bitcoin Cash was created when On July 20, 2017, Bitcoin Cash (BCC) was created when there was a “Fork” or upgrade in the public ledger of the original cryptocurrency. The issue was the scaling of the original Bitcoin’s block size. Bitcoin Cash is a P2P electronic cash. The currency has different rules that were upgraded from the original bitcoin that allows “the continuation of the Bitcoin project as peer-to-peer digital cash. The currency has upgraded consensus rules that allow it to grow and scale differently from the original Bitcoin product.

Litecoin Is coming in at #5 in size with a market cap of $2 Billion. Lite coin is one of the three currencies that is trading on the widely popular exchange, Coinbase. The cryptocurrency is also a P2P  and an open source decentralized platform that was basically inspired by and very similar to that of bitcoin. In terms of differences Litecoin has also adopted SegWit technology and the lightning network. SegWit is the process by which the block size limit on a blockchain is increased by removing signature data from Bitcoin transactions. When certain parts of a transaction are removed, this frees up space or capacity to add more transactions to the chain.These both basically call for a larger number of transactions to happen with much greater speed. One major advantage that LTC has over bitcoin is its fees are close to zero and payment processing is much much faster. LTC was introduced in October 2011 by a man named Charlie Lee, who used to work for Google. As we mentioned earlier LTC became the first of the top 5 largest currencies (in terms of market cap) to adopt the SegWit technology. A few months later, The first lightning network transaction was completed sending 0.00000001 LTC from Zurich to San Francisco in under one second.

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litecoin

https://litecoin.org/

https://www.bitcoincash.org/

https://coinmarketcap.com/coins/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethereum

https://ripple.com/

https://www.coindesk.com/10-things-you-need-to-know-about-ripple/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin

. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ripple_(payment_protocol)

 

The Next Big Thing in Crypto: Asset Tokenization

Last week, I got out of work and I headed over to 3rd ave to the Grant Thornton building to attend a seminar. The event was sponsored by ConsensSys and Balanc3, venture production studios that are focused on building and scaling tools and software products powered by Ethereum. They want to get operating systems around the world using their ethereum platform to innovate and expand business everywhere using Blockchain. I forked over $15 for the ticket because they were serving food and drinks!

The seminar was hosted by the ABC (Accounting Blockchain Coalition), a group whose main objective  is to “educate and empower its members to understand the impact and opportunities that blockchain technology brings to the accounting industry.” I wanted to see how other industries were being impacted by this technology, how they were starting to utilize it, and what this means for business long term. Grant Thornton is not one of the “Big 4” in accounting, but being #6 in the world surely makes them a leader in the industry. They have recently created a subdivision specifically for Blockchain technology and clients of theirs who have started to transact on this currency.

I would like to now summarize some of the main points that I took from the seminar:

Companies are popping up left and right by creating different tokens from the Ethereum open source platform. With these crypto currencies emerging, startups are converting 100% from the start, with protocols that pay employees 100% with crypto currencies instead of regular fiat currencies (dollar, pound, euro), while working on redesigning enterprise resources. One thing that the ABC looks at is how this can affect accounting procedures. One major roadblock will be taxes as people will have to report earnings, in regards to the cost basis and the realized gains and losses. The ABC is set out to help companies and individuals with account for these conversions.

Another point to keep in mind when dealing with digital currencies is that the recorded value of a certain coin is always changing, and therefore must be tracked for use at any given time. That is what the blockchain ledger is for. The value of 10 ETH will fluctuate regularly, so it is very important for accounting to keep track of current value based on a record of prices. Everything purchased needs to be recorded at a certain value so long as we are dealing with multiple currencies (USD/ETH). Things can truly only be streamlined when everything is seamlessly recorded on a permanent ledger. The ledger will help reduce the need for a lot of overhead in the audits.

The next part of the presentation was lead by Balanc3. Balanc3 is like a Quickbooks for the crypto space. They help to maintain a transaction log, similar to a balance sheet, for companies performing regular crytpo transactions. With all transactions recorded in the blockchain ledger, the balance sheet and other financial statements in the program can be constantly updated in real time to give the viewer an accurate representation of the company/token in real time.

Now the main part of the talk/presentation was asset tokenization. This world has a finite number of tangible assets, but there is endless opportunity in the digital space to work with and utilize those assets. Therefore, creators of the Ethereum blockchain have a lot of control. Businesses have started to create tokens and currencies to represent real world assets, in order to trade their value, quicker and easier. When I hear the word “tokens” I picture my 5 year old self at the arcade. In order to play games, I had to cash in  real USD in exchange for the silly arcade tokens that only  worked in the machines. By using these tokens and earning tickets, you had the opportunity to trade their value for prizes. Tokenization is essentially that, the conversion of real tangible and intangible assets to a digital token on a blockchain in order to trade for assets. Assets such as real estate, businesses, art, gold, commodities and many of these assets are hard to split up or convert into shares on a decimal level. Now buyers and sellers of assets trade papers and money that only represent part or all of the asset. Many times there are huge processes involved or red tape that limits access and availability to these assets. Things like paperwork, titles, ownership documents, liens, etc. If we already have the technology such as the blockchain why not switch to digitize the transaction similar to how bitcoin works? Startups, small tech businesses, and even major financial companies are competing to do what bitcoin has done which is basically tokenizing assets similar to what bitcoin did to the fiat currency initially.

There will be a digital footprint of all transactions. In this way fractional pieces of assets can be bought and sold in the form of digital currency or tokens. Transfers will happen quickly on a decentralized platform without the need of a central control.. Ethereum has quickly become the major breeder for tokenization because it was created as an open source platform, allowing businesses to create their own currencies for this specific purpose. Businesses are having “ICO’s” that allow investors to buy in the initial sale of these tokens with their current ETH and the use of “smart contracts”. You can lock in on smart contracts and utilize them for so many different business purposes. These aspects make Ethereum versatile and ready for widespread utilization in the currency marketplace.

 

Soure: http://www.nasdaq.com/article/how-tokenization-is-putting-real-world-assets-on-blockchains-cm767952

 

Bitcoin, Ethereum, And Other Cryptocurrencies Aren’t Just For Nerds, You Too Can Invest Like I Did.

Lately, everyone who knows me knows I can’t shut up about crypto currencies. Tired of sharing my excitement with uninterested parties, I thought I’d share my knowledge of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology with other millennials like you who could really benefit. I am really passionate about this topic for so many reasons. Now this topic is very broad so I will be keeping it surface level here and provide an overview of my experience with the emerging technology thus far.

My interest in cryptocurrencies really picked up about five months ago, when my boss pulled me aside and told me to read up on the newest crypto technology called Ethereum. To start with some background definitions, a cryptocurrency is a digital currency in which encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds. A crypto currency is unique in that it operates independently of a central bank. You can think of this as a monetary unit that only exists and is valuable in the digital space. One of the unique aspects of this currency is that it is not regulated by a centralized base, as the US dollar is by the Federal bank. Instead, Ethereum is decentralized by the mere fact that it exists within Blockchain technology. A blockchain is made up of a network of computer users that jointly manage the digital transactions of currency created by a universal ledger of accounts that cannot be erased. The universal ledger is a record of all transactions that have occurred since inception of the Blockchain.

What I just said probably made your head spin, if you’ve never heard of these topics, but i needed to get the formal definition out. The blockchain is the technology that these currencies are built upon and whenever the currency is traded, there is a permanent digital record that is kept to keep track of what took place.  This record happens instantly and cannot be changed or modified. This ledger of records is decentralized and universally recorded, which is the brilliance behind the technology.

Now at this point I had heard of bitcoin from way back in 2013 when there was a lot of buzz about the new technology, but I never really invested much thought into it before. I’m sure some of you have similar memories, maybe you heard of the Silk Road, the bitcoin crash or other scandals. But up until recently Crypto has been getting a lot of buzz because businesses are starting to catch on and realizing that the world can really utilize this technology for business applications. After doing preliminary research on Ethereum I was interested and started checking the currency rates every day against the US dollar. I noticed the market was very volatile. I was interested when the price of Ether jumped up from $83USD/ETH to $183 USD/ETH in the span of a few days. This is where it hit me, REAL MONEY COULD BE MADE! The market was extremely volatile and going back and forth like crazy. Yes, money was my primary motivation for taking an interest but it wasn’t until I started learning about the technology behind the cryptocurrency before I knew that this was going to be something big because even if Bitcoin and Ethereum fail, the principles and the guiding technology is what would prevail. This is when I fell down the rabbit hole.

I did what everyone else who was in the know was doing. I downloaded an App called CoinBase and threw in $1,000 just to see what would happen. I purchased half a bitcoin and a number of Ether Coins and some Lite Coins. These are the three main coins available for purchase on the popular CoinBase App. I was able to quickly double my investment in the coming weeks. At this point I was hooked. At first it did seem like I was winning the lottery but what I realized and was told before was that the currencies were highly volatile. Also i had been invested in the stock market for quite some time and had to wrap my mind around the fact that these currencies were not shares of a company but exchangeable currency pairs. Because of the volatile nature of these currencies you have to have an appetite for risk. Everyday I would gain/lose hundreds of dollars in unrealized gains and losses. But after a while you start to notice trends and patterns that you can use to your advantage. You can see when to hold your investment or buy the dip. My biggest recommendation for anyone would be to try out the market. When i initially put my first investment into the market if forced me to pay attention. I was seeing headlines i wouldn’t normally read and focus in. What was causing the value to rise and fall? What technological advances have occurred since? The material and future ideas were so intellectually stimulating that I had to dive right in.

Personally I believe in the technology more than anything and that is why I decided to get some of my savings and invest in these three currencies. Blockchain technology and the idea behind a universal permanent ledger for transaction verification will be crucial for the development of future technological infrastructure in our everyday lives. This is one of the biggest reasons I am focusing my time and energy into studying this technology and investing in these currencies.